When the Internet came to be and how it changed the world
Life without the Internet today is almost unthinkable and most people use it daily for business and private purposes. But despite this ubiquity, many do not know how and when the Internet originated and who lies behind the idea of creating a global internet network. What we mean as the most normal and always accessible service is actually a network that thousands of people and visionaries have worked on over the years, to make the Internet look the way we know it today.
What is the Internet?
Wikipedia says it is a publicly available global data network that serves to connect all computer networks, and therefore computers, through the same Internet protocol. It is a "network of all networks" that is created in such a way that it connects millions of user networks, regardless of whether it is private, business, government, academic, or any other networks that have the ability to share information and various types of services with each other in this way.
Among the most used services in the world are email and all kinds of chat, which is not unusual because people are very social beings, and business users benefit greatly from email. Users also transfer various types of files to each other, and the most used platform on the Internet is certainly the World Wide Web search engine.
When did the Internet come into being?
As you already assumed, the Internet originated in the USA, as an idea of the US Department of Defense to connect a certain number of computers, and the name of the network was then ARPANET (Advanced Research Project Agency Network). The idea developed back in the late 1960s, and shortly after that, the ARPANET military network saw the light of day.
During the Cold War, there was further development of the network, and the motivation was precisely the possibility of working together and modifying the information of military and academic citizens without having to physically meet. As a result, the number of computers added to the network has grown steadily.
After the number of computers increased, it was understood that a single protocol needed to be developed that would ensure data transfer between connected computers. It was this step that ensured the subsequent development of the Internet.
In 1989, Tim Berners-Lee, an employee of the CERN Institute in Switzerland, perfected the network system we know today, allowing you to link and view information using a telephone connection. He is often referred to today as the "father of the internet."
The popularity of the Internet and network service World Wide Web has grown steeply, and the number of computers has been higher every year. While in 1984 the Internet used about 1000 computers, in 2000 there were about one hundred million computers, while today it is the number of several billion computers that use internet and web network services.
Since 2019, when the world has faced the coronavirus pandemic, the Internet has become one of the crucial things of today. In addition to the very availability of the Internet, a very important item is the speed of the Internet, which can have a great impact on the business as well as the private life of the individual.